India School Hijab Ban: Majority of Hindu Women Also Cover Their Heads

Is the ban on hijab in colleges in the southern Indian state of Karnataka motivated by Islamophobia? Is it part of the ruling BJP party's campaign against 200 million Indian Muslims? Results of a Pew Survey help clarify the answer to these questions: Six in ten Indian women, including Hindu women, cover their heads. 

Head Covering By Religions in India. Source: Pew

The survey found that a majority of Hindu women (59%), and roughly equal shares of Muslim (89%) and Sikh women (86%), wear head coverings when they go out of their homes. It was conducted in 2019-20, well before the current hijab row in Karnataka, and republished recently. 

Regional Differences in Head Coverings in India. Source: Pew


The Indian practice of head covering is much more common in the North than in the South. It is especially common in the largely Hindi-speaking regions in the Northern, Central and Eastern parts of the country. In the states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, roughly nine-in-ten women say they wear head coverings in public. 

In the South, 83% of Muslim women say they cover their heads, compared with 22% of Hindu women. In the Northern region, meanwhile, roughly equal shares of Muslim (85%) and Hindu (82%) women say they cover their heads in public.

Hijab-wearing Muslim Girls Refused Entry in Karnataka Schools. Source: WSJ



Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu Nationalist BJP party's entire politics revolves around hatred of Muslims and other religious minorities in India. The BJP currently rules Karnataka which has seen a rise in activities of Hindutva groups and the targeting of the state’s religious minorities, mainly Muslims and Christians.  

“We have been wearing hijab for years without any problem but now, the issue has been suddenly taken up by the BJP and Hindutva groups to rake up communal tensions,” Kaneez Fatima, a Congress member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly, told Al Jazeera, referring to the Hindu far-right groups.


Comments

Riaz Haq said…
"When Mr. #Modi himself has conducted #Hindu prayers on television, the idea that his government or party are interested in French-style secularism is laughable. It comes across as another attempt to browbeat the #Muslim minority." @dhume


https://www.wsj.com/articles/india-hijab-debate-hindu-nationalist-muslim-majority-modi-secularism-bjp-religious-liberty-feminism-sexism-11645117668

The protests in India have received international attention. “Refusing to let girls go to school in their hijabs is horrifying,” tweeted the Pakistani Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai, whom the Taliban shot in the head 10 years ago for championing female education. French soccer player Paul Pogba, former tennis champion Martina Navratilova and Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi have all chimed in with criticism of Hindu nationalists who back the ban.


The Biden administration waded in as well. “Religious freedom includes the ability to choose one’s religious attire,” tweeted Rashad Hussain, the State Department’s ambassador for religious freedom. “Hijab bans in schools violate religious freedom and stigmatize and marginalize women and girls.”

For opponents of a ban, the argument is straightforward: It violates both religious liberty and individual rights. If some Muslim girls believe their faith mandates that they cover their heads, they should have the right to wear the hijab without being denied an education. In the U.S., prominent hijab-wearing activists such as Dalia Mogahed and Linda Sarsour have long portrayed the hijab as a garment that allows women to be judged for their minds rather than their looks. For others, donning the hijab is an act of resistance against anti-Muslim bigotry. Their counterparts in India make similar arguments.

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Most Western commentators miss an important nuance about Muslim women’s dress, Sarah Haider, a Pakistani-American activist and writer, points out. “The hijab isn’t just a physical manifestation of Islam,” she said in a recent YouTube video. “It is a physical manifestation of conservative Islam.” Around the world those who promote the hijab most ardently—often using liberal arguments rooted in the freedom to choose—are Islamists who hold decidedly illiberal views. The scholar Cheryl Benard likened the Islamist promotion of the hijab to a junta taking over a radio station. Its prevalence signals that their side is winning. Some 15 countries in Europe have placed restrictions on Islamic clothing in public spaces, though these regulations are usually aimed at the niqab, or face veil, or the head-to-toe burqa. In 2017 the European Court of Human Rights ruled in favor of a Belgian ban on the face veil in public.

In India, the rise of Hindu nationalism under Prime Minister Narendra Modi makes the debate even more charged. Since 2014, state governments led by the BJP have passed a raft of laws that critics say target Muslims. These include draconian penalties for eating beef or encouraging a spouse to convert from Hinduism to Islam, and a citizenship law that pointedly allowed only non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh to apply for fast-track naturalization. Mobs have lynched Muslims accused of killing cows and driven Muslim vendors out of Hindu neighborhoods, and extremist Hindu religious leaders have called for violence against the Indian Muslim community. On pro-government TV channels, Hindu nationalists constantly berate Muslims for the alleged crimes of medieval Islamic rulers.
Riaz Haq said…
BELLA HADID STANDS IN SOLIDARITY WITH #INDIAN #MUSLIM #WOMEN WHO CHOOSE TO WEAR THE #HIJAB. The supermodel, 25, shared a series of posts to her Instagram on Thursday 17 February detailing some of the struggles affecting Muslim women across the world today.

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/women/bella-hadid-muslim-hijab-ban-women-b2017984.html


https://twitter.com/haqsmusings/status/1495416446439944192?s=20&t=tzBHyP8cH4fo46lhSzAErg
Riaz Haq said…
#India court upholds a ban on #hijab in #schools and #colleges. Violence and hate speech against Muslims have increased under Prime Minister Narendra #Modi's governing #Hindu nationalist party, which also governs #Karnataka state. #IslamophobiaInIndia https://www.npr.org/2022/03/15/1086602745/india-court-upholds-ban-on-hijab-in-schools-and-colleges?utm_campaign=storyshare&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=social

NEW DELHI — An Indian court Tuesday upheld a ban on wearing hijab in class in the southern state of Karnataka, saying the Muslim headscarf is not an essential religious practice of Islam.

The high court in Karnataka state delivered the verdict after considering petitions filed by Muslim students challenging a government ban on hijabs that some schools and colleges have implemented in the last two months.

The dispute began in January when a government-run school in Karnataka's Udupi district barred students wearing hijabs from entering classrooms, triggering protests by Muslims who said they were being deprived of their fundamental rights to education and religion. That led to counterprotests by Hindu students wearing saffron shawls, a color closely associated with that religion and favored by Hindu nationalists.


More schools in the state followed with similar bans and the state's top court disallowed students from wearing hijab and any religious clothing pending a verdict.

Ahead of the verdict, the Karnataka government banned large gatherings for a week in state capital Bengaluru "to maintain public peace and order" and declared a holiday Tuesday in schools and colleges in Udupi.

The hijab is worn by many Muslim women to maintain modesty or as a religious symbol, often seen as not just a bit of clothing but something mandated by their faith.

Hijab restrictions have surfaced elsewhere, including France, which in 2004 banned them in schools. But in India, where Muslims make up 14% of the country's 1.4 billion people, the hijab has historically been neither prohibited nor limited in public spheres. Women donning the headscarf is common across the country, which has religious freedom enshrined in its national charter with the secular state as a cornerstone.

Some rights activists have voiced concerns that the ban could increase Islamophobia. Violence and hate speech against Muslims have increased under Prime Minister Narendra Modi's governing Hindu nationalist party, which also governs Karnataka state.
Riaz Haq said…
US Air Force lets Hindu wear religious symbols amid #hijab row in #Modi’s #India. #US Air Force granted approval to Darshan Shah, a #Hindu, to wear a tilak chandlo (holy mark on the forehead) in uniform #Islamophobia #Hindutva .— Quartz

https://qz.com/2146337/us-air-force-lets-hindu-wear-religious-symbols-amid-hijab-row/

The idea of freedom of religion through symbolic display isn’t restricted to India as signified by the hijab row.

On Feb. 22, the US Air Force granted approval to Darshan Shah, an aerospace medical technician assigned to the 90th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron in Wyoming, to wear a tilak chandlo (holy mark on the forehead) in uniform.

Born into a Hindu family, Shah is originally from Eden Prairie, Minnesota. Ever since attending the basic military training in June 2020, he had been seeking a waiver in the uniform rules to wear the tilak chandlo while on duty.

“Not only was I wearing the uniform, which is one of my main identities, being a member of the Air Force, but I was also wearing my tilak chandlo,” said Shah, according to a US Air Force website. “It’s who I am. Wearing it is special. It’s my way of getting through hardships and difficulties in life. It provides me guidance…”

The decision by US Air Force has garnered a lot of support from several Hindus across the world. The leader of the sect Shah belongs to shared a phone call from India to discuss the waiver after several Hindu saints spoke to him about Shah’s perseverance.

Around the same time, India has faced turmoil caused by the hijab row in the southern state of Karnataka.

It began some weeks ago when one Karnataka decided to disallow, henceforth, the woman’s headcover on campus. Several Muslim families with woman students of the institution were outraged and boycotted classes. The row ballooned after other colleges in Karnataka began implementing similar bans.

Following days of protests, the Karnataka high court, a few days ago, upheld the ban on hijab. The row has now moved on to some temples in Karnataka now banning Muslim traders from taking part in their fairs and religious festivals.



Riaz Haq said…
Religious Divide in #Bangalore #Karnataka will destroy #India's #tech industry, says #Indian corporate leader Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw. She was referring to reports of #Muslim vendors being kept out of temple towns and festivals. #BJP #Hindutva #Islamophobia https://www.freepressjournal.in/india/biocon-chief-kiran-mazumdar-shaw-calls-out-growing-religious-divide-in-karnataka

Bengaluru: A prominent voice from the corporate sector and executive chairperson of Biocon Ltd, Dr Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, has raised a red flag over the “growing religious divide” in Karnataka and expressed fear that it may affect the IT-BT sector too.

In a series of tweets, she raised a red flag over hardline Hindutva groups to keep out Muslim traders from temple festivals in Karnataka and urged Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai to resolve the “growing religious divide” in the state and warned that the country’s “global leadership” in tech and biotech was at stake.

“Karnataka has always forged inclusive economic development and we must not allow such communal exclusion — if IT/BT became communal it would destroy our global leadership,” wrote Shaw, who heads Asia’s leading biopharmaceuticals enterprise,” she tweeted, tagging Bommai and added: “Please resolve this growing religious divide.”

In a subsequent tweet, she posted: “Our CM is a very progressive leader. I am sure he will resolve this issue soon.”

She was referring to reports on how Muslim vendors were being kept out of several temple towns and festivals. Several temple committees organising the festivals, especially in the communally sensitive coastal districts, have been obeying the warning issued by the hardline Hindu groups. Some, however, have expressed dismay over the curbs and say these would hit long-standing social relations. The curbs came after Muslim groups organised a bandh against the hijab ban ruling by the Karnataka High Court.

However, the state government, in an official statement in the state legislature, said the restrictions on non-Hindus conducting business within the premises of temples is as per a rule introduced in 2002 under the Karnataka Hindu Religious Institutions and Charitable Endowments Act, 1997. This rule, many vendors say, has now been weaponised to keep them out of business.
Riaz Haq said…
#India’s #SiliconValley risks falling into the swamp of hatred. #Muslim girls #HijabBan has morphed into brazen disregard for the dignity & civil & #economic rights of #Karnataka’s #Muslims, who make up 12 percent of the state’s population. #Bangalore https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2022/04/07/bengaluru-karnataka-hijab-halal-attacks-hatred/?tid=ss_tw

More than any other city, Bengaluru — with its cherry-blossom-lined avenues, giant technology parks and self-made billionaires — has been India’s response to the postcards of poverty that have often defined Western media’s reductionist portrayal of the country.

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India sells billions of dollars of halal meat globally and is the second-largest exporter of halal foods to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries. Many of the country’s giant meat sellers are owned and run by Hindus. It is also routine for multinationals selling other consumer goods — including one run by a saffron-robed Hindu guru — to have halal certification. Yet it is two successful businesses unrelated to meat and founded by Muslims — iD Fresh Food and pharmaceutical corporation Himalaya — that have been assaulted with persistent fake news about the use of cow bones or bovine extracts in their products.


While big businesses might be able to ride out the wave of hate, small Muslim traders are more vulnerable. In Karnataka, an assortment of far-right Hindu groups are intimidating consumers into buying meat only from Hindu shopkeepers, pushing for the closure of halal meat shops and, in some instances, using violence and abuse to force their point. Social media has been weaponized to build toxic and fake narratives about halal slaughter practices, including false claims that it involves spitting into the meat.

Mohandas Pai, who served on the board of IT company Infosys — one of India’s most famous corporate brands, headquartered in Bengaluru — told me that these are isolated “local issues” that shouldn’t be globalized.

Yet sanction for these poisonous debates came from several leaders of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party in Karnataka. A government circular, since put on pause, mandated the stunning of animals before slaughter, in a move that would possibly make meat non-halal.

Pai, who is an investor in Licious — another major meat supplier that also sells products with halal certification — says that while hooliganism is unacceptable, the larger issue is one of transparency of information for the consumer. However, that seems almost esoteric at a time when, for an entire community, the issue is about the right to earn a livelihood with dignity.

A key BJP functionary in Karnataka has equated the sale of halal meat to “economic jihad” that benefits Muslim sellers. But data shows that a majority of Indian Muslims continue to work in the informal economy or unorganized sector: Only 28 percent of Muslims are salaried employees, compared with 46 percent of Hindus.

It is these citizens — street vendors, cart-pullers, small shopkeepers, butchers and handymen — who are now under attack. The latest outlandish demand targeting Muslims? To not buy mangoes from Muslim fruit sellers.


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The copycat targeting of economic activity that can be linked to Islam. In another incident, a TV reporter (employed by a channel reprimanded by India’s Supreme Court for vilifying Muslims on a show) barged into a store of the major food brand Haldiram’s, demanding to know why the packaging for savory snacks had text in Urdu. Urdu, recognized in the constitution, is one of 15 languages used on Indian currency notes.

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There’s no point trumpeting India’s improved rankings by the World Bank on ease of doing business if we can’t create a secure environment and level playing field for our own people. And we shouldn’t complain the next time headlines focus on our sectarian strife rather than our homegrown Silicon Valley.
Riaz Haq said…
#US Monitoring Rise in Rights Abuses in #India by some gov’t, police & prison officials, #Blinken said today in a joint press briefing with Defense Sec Lloyd Austin, #Indian Foreign Minister Jaishankar, India's Defense Minister Rajnath Singh. | World News

https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2022-04-11/u-s-monitoring-rise-in-rights-abuses-in-india-blinken-says


WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said the United States was monitoring what he described as a rise in human rights abuses in India by some officials, in a rare direct rebuke by Washington of the Asian nation's rights record.

"We regularly engage with our Indian partners on these shared values (of human rights) and to that end, we are monitoring some recent concerning developments in India including a rise in human rights abuses by some government, police and prison officials," Blinken said on Monday in a joint press briefing with U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, Indian Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and India's Defense Minister Rajnath Singh.

Blinken did not elaborate. Singh and Jaishankar, who spoke after Blinken at the briefing, did not comment on the human rights issue.

Blinken's remarks came days after U.S. Representative Ilhan Omar questioned the alleged reluctance of the U.S. government to criticize Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government on human rights.

"What does Modi need to do to India’s Muslim population before we will stop considering them a partner in peace?" Omar, who belongs to President Joe Biden's Democratic Party, said last week.

Modi's critics say his Hindu nationalist ruling party has fostered religious polarization since coming to power in 2014.

Since Modi came to power, right-wing Hindu groups have launched attacks on minorities claiming they are trying to prevent religious conversions. Several Indian states have passed or are considering anti-conversion laws that challenge the constitutionally protected right to freedom of belief.

In 2019, the government passed a citizenship law that critics said undermined India's secular constitution by excluding Muslim migrants from neighbouring countries. The law was meant to grant Indian nationality to Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jains, Parsis and Sikhs who fled Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan before 2015.

In the same year, soon after his 2019 re-election win, Modi's government revoked the special status of Kashmir in a bid to fully integrate the Muslim-majority region with the rest of the country. To keep a lid on protests, the administration detained many Kashmir political leaders and sent many more paramilitary police and soldiers to the Himalayan region also claimed by Pakistan.

Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) recently banned wearing the hijab in classrooms in Karnataka state. Hardline Hindu groups later demanded such restrictions in more Indian states.

Riaz Haq said…
India’s wave of devastating violence jolts Muslims in Uttrakhand
“Our only answer will be their house getting bulldozed.”

Samriddhi Sakunia


https://ranaayyub.substack.com/p/indias-wave-of-devastating-violence?s=r

Muslim families I interviewed claim that Hindus and Muslims usually live in harmony and that the riot was unprecedented and surprising. When I interviewed Hindu families and asked them about this general sense of goodwill in the village, they expressed a deep hatred for those same neighbors.

Once he learned that I am Hindu, Om Pal, a Hindu resident of the village, was more willing to speak openly. “Dekho ji, yaha ke Musalmaan waise to inki Pakistaani soch hai, [See, madam, the muslims who stay here have a Pakistani mentality],” he said. “Whenever there is a match where India plays against Pakistan, these Muslims always cheer for Pakistan,” said “These people eat free rations given by Modi and later abuse Modi only. They also have free Rs.500 given by Modi but still plan against India.”

Other Hindu villagers felt the same way, though none wanted to be quoted by name. “Our only answer will be their house getting bulldozed,” one said.
Riaz Haq said…

Shoaib Daniyal
@ShoaibDaniyal
Muslims actually have a lower instance of polygamy than Hindus.

But data has no chance in the face of communal bias.

https://twitter.com/ShoaibDaniyal/status/1520634295085281280?s=20&t=ZttMon5lIORxrET7M8vpxg
Riaz Haq said…
Are Hijab Wearing Women Oppressed?

"You can not assume that women (wearing hijab) are oppressed and then strip them of (hijab as) the insignia of oppression".

"Many women in England are adopting it (hijab) and saying they are finding happiness within".

"Women in Europe used to wear double veils and cover their heads for centuries. Then they started wearing hats before going bareheaded. Some still wear hats or caps when it is cold"


https://youtu.be/5De9CYpn17M
Riaz Haq said…
#Singapore bans The anti-#Muslim "Kashmir Files" movie as 'Provocative and one-sided'. #Islamophobia #Hindutva #Modi #BJP #KashmirFiles #India https://www.channelnewsasia.com/singapore/kashmir-files-hindu-muslim-banned-imda-mha-mccy-2673096?s=08

https://twitter.com/haqsmusings/status/1523842272470573056?s=20&t=6rTiyW9ZU8LVQb2TvTAD2Q

SINGAPORE: A movie on the exodus of Hindus from the disputed Muslim-majority Kashmir region will be banned in Singapore.

The authorities have assessed the Hindi-language film The Kashmir Files to be “beyond” Singapore’s film classification guidelines, said the Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) in a joint statement with Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth (MCCY) and the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).


The movie, released in India in March to mixed reviews, tells the fictional story of a university student who learns that his Kashmiri Hindu parents were killed during the violent period of 1989 to 1990.

Hundreds of thousands of people had lost their homes and lives after they were forced out of Kashmir.

“The film will be refused classification for its provocative and one-sided portrayal of Muslims and the depictions of Hindus being persecuted in the on-going conflict in Kashmir,” said the authorities in response to queries from CNA.

“These representations have the potential to cause enmity between different communities, and disrupt social cohesion and religious harmony in our multiracial and multi-religious society.”

Under the film classification guidelines, “any material that is denigrating to racial or religious communities in Singapore” will be refused classification, they added.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had praised the film in March, saying it showed the truth of Kashmir's violent past.

Critics of the movie said it has factual inaccuracies and stokes anti-Muslim sentiments.

Riaz Haq said…
Muslims’ fertility rate sees sharpest decline over two decades, shows health ministry survey
Fertility rate among Muslims is only 0.36 points higher than that of Hindus, according to the latest National Family Health Survey.

https://scroll.in/latest/1023559/muslims-fertility-rate-sees-sharpest-decline-over-two-decades-shows-health-ministry-survey


The fertility rate among Muslims has seen the sharpest decline among all religious communities over the past two decades, compared to other religious communities, data from the National Family Health Survey-5, released last week, has showed.

The fertility rate is the average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime.

The fertility rate among Muslims has dropped to 2.3 during the 2019 to 2021 period, from 2.6 recorded in 2015-16, the survey conducted by the Union health ministry showed. In 1992-93, Muslims had a fertility rate of 4.4.

Among Hindus, the fertility rate has dropped from 3.3 in 1992-93 to 1.94 in the latest survey. In the previous survey for 2015-16, fertility rate among Hindus was 2.1. The numbers show that the fertility rate has declined 46.5% among Muslims since 1992-93 and 41.2% in Hindus.

The fertility rate is 1.88% in Christians, 1.61% in Sikhs, 1.6% in Jains, and 1.39% in the Buddhist and Neo-Buddhist communities. The country’s total fertility rate has dipped to 2, according the survey, from 2.2 in 2015-16. The total fertility rate is currently below the replacement rate of 2.1.

Replacement rate is a crucial factor in the study of population growth. A replacement rate of less than 2.1 ensures the replacement of a woman and her partner upon death with no overall increase or decrease in the population.
Riaz Haq said…
#Muslim girls in #India are missing out on #education as they fight classroom #hijab ban. #Islamophobia #Hindutva #BJP #Modi #Karnataka https://www.npr.org/2022/05/11/1098368173/muslim-girls-in-india-are-missing-out-on-education-as-they-fight-classroom-hijab?utm_campaign=storyshare&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=social

When her high school banned the hijab, Ayesha Shifa sued — and her case went to India's Supreme Court. A verdict, expected soon, may redefine what secularism means in the world's largest democracy.
Riaz Haq said…
‘The Kashmir Files is a propaganda movie’: Former R&AW chief A.S Dulat

https://muslimmirror.com/eng/the-kashmir-files-is-a-propaganda-movie-former-raw-chief-a-s-dulat/

Former R&AW chief A.S. Dulat, while commenting on the recently released Vivek Agnihotri directorial film, The Kashmir Files, has said that he doesn’t intend to watch it.

“I don’t see propaganda. And it is a propaganda movie,” he said.
“Many Pandits who chose to stay behind were protected by Muslims in 1990s. Many Kashmiri Pandit families did stay back. Even after the abrogation of Article 370, the Pandits have not been targeted,” Dulat said.

When asked about Jagmohan, the governor of Jammu and Kashmir, he said that when he was governor from August 1989 to January 1990, the situation had changed dramatically by the time he returned.

“The Kashmir that he came back to after four or five months, it was totally different from the Kashmir he had left. He was quite shaken himself,” he said.

“When these killings started, he didn’t want the pandits to bear the brunt of it. So once they started leaving, he was quite happy,” Dulat implied that Jagmohan was relieved when the Kashmiri Pandit migration from Kashmir began.

“It was a natural reaction. If they are leaving, ‘Good.’ There was no way that we could provide any protection to them because things were so bad,” he added.

The pandit migration began soon after the 1990 killings, according to Dulat. Rich KPs travelled to Delhi, while those who had nowhere else to go sought refuge in Jammu’s camps. Dulat also said that Kashmiri Muslims who could afford it left for locations like Delhi. They returned when things seemed to be improving.
Riaz Haq said…
'The Kashmir Files': Hate - the Right Language For Our Story?
A Kashmiri Pandit responds to the film 'The Kashmir Files'.
MOHIT KILAM
Published: 31 Mar 2022, 4:37 PM IST

https://www.thequint.com/entertainment/bollywood/the-kashmir-files-is-hate-the-language-for-our-story-kashmiri-pandits-kashmiri-muslims-politics-hate


Regardless of its cinematic worth, The Kashmir Files relentlessly pursues a version of truth those hailing it, swear by. By misrepresenting facts just enough, deceitfully layered with disinformation and obfuscating any context, the film succeeds in its true purpose - blatant vilification of Kashmiri Muslims.

Several friends, and acquaintances reached out recently, asking – did it really happen? Yes. Did it happen the way it is shown? Yes, but not really. And, therein lies its voodoo.

Three decades ago, when thousands of Kashmiris left their home, we were perhaps luckier than some to have extended family already in Delhi to stay with. Thereby sidestepping the quagmire of refugee-camps. To that extent, ours wasn’t the median story. It wasn’t even the worst. Others who left, lived in abysmal conditions for years, and died. And yet, many others that survived, showed remarkable resilience by building back lives since - from scratch, despite the tragic displacement, and thrived. Did time heal all the pain? Or did we forget everything that happened, as a defence to cope with our unaddressed trauma?

Unfortunately, trauma works in mysterious ways. Every life event, in one form or the other, gets linked to that traumatic event. I have seen this within my immediate and closed ones. Admittedly, I too, lived so for many years. Silently. And assumed that’s just the way it was, is, and will continue to be.

Even though, the first friend I made in Delhi (and life) was a Kashmiri Muslim, himself a product of this complex tragedy of Kashmiris (not just Pandits), I failed to recognise what stared me in the face, for a long time. Today when I struggle with many trepidations of life, more than thirty-two years after that fateful day, I realise I am a product of privileges, choices, misgivings, mistakes and learnings, all uniquely mine. It took me many years to realise – Trauma induces hate, and hate consumes you. No matter how deep a wound runs, hate can't be right. Because, it blinds you.


What happened in Kashmir, did it happen spontaneously, out of thin air? Did it happen to just us? Even in its most modern form, there is over seventy years of history to Kashmir, that includes the exodus, but also multiple wars, ambiguous promises and a continual sense of estrangement. We know it.

History is a double edged sword. In the right hands, it inevitably bleeds out its wielder. In the wrong ones, it does so to rest of the world. In our emotional and vociferous response to the events depicted in the film, we are staking claim over our truth. By discarding everything that happened before, and continues to happen after; and calling it history; we are consciously choosing a side where all of them are fundamentally baying for our blood, and will not stop until our extermination. Unless, annihilated first, eye-for-an-eye style.

Pitting one’s loss against another’s, is criminal. The only thing worse is to deny the other truth just because it does not align with ours, and attempt to obliterate it. When we put a magnifying lens on our suffering, every minutiae stands out in high-definition. It hurts. Of course, it does. Shift that lens a little and the new details that emerge, will hurt in equal measure too, if not more. There’s a truth outside ours. As confusing and uncomfortable as it may appear, that is real too
Riaz Haq said…
Number theory: Share of meat eaters in India grew since 2015-16

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/share-of-meat-eaters-in-india-grew-since-201516-101653413539092-amp.html

From the lynching of Mohammad Akhlaq in Uttar Pradesh in September 2015 to debates on providing eggs in mid-day meals in schools to municipalities ordering that meat shops be shut during Hindu religious festivals, meat eating has consistently courted political controversy. However, if data from the fifth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) – it was carried out between 2019 and 2021 – is to be believed, none of this has reduced the preference for meat in Indian diets. In fact, a comparison with NFHS-4 (2015-16) numbers shows that the share of people who eat meat has actually increased. To be sure, NFHS data also has other interesting details about food habits of Indians. Here are four charts which summarise some of the important findings.

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Shoaib Daniyal
@ShoaibDaniyal
Expected data. India is a carnivorous nation.

Although to really understand the paradox of high meating eating in India and its radically pro vegetarian politics, a question like "do you think eating meat is wrong" is needed.


https://twitter.com/ShoaibDaniyal/status/1529724728897937408?s=20&t=8pS-I8QRTX6to_z6WxFXmQ
Riaz Haq said…
Sidhu #MooseWala: The murdered #Indian rapper who 'made sense of chaos'. He delivered a biting commentary on the shrinking scope for dissent in #India. "There will be a debate in the name of religions. If you speak the truth, you will get 295 (section)" https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-61629133

Fans say that Moose Wala was merely confronting the dark truths about modern life and holding up a mirror to society. "He was just making sense of the chaos, whether it was corruption, violence or the gun problem in Punjab," one fan said. "And that contribution in itself is valuable."

Moose Wala's music has meant different things to different people. Some say they admired him for the "courage and I-don't-care attitude" that was evident in his songs. Others liked the way he added English words to his Punjabi songs, which gave it a contemporary sheen.

"His simple and colloquial style of writing made it easy to understand for his audiences. Also, we loved the way he answered his critics through his songs," 27-year-old Niyamat Singh, one of his fans, told BBC Punjabi.

Mr Singh is particularly fond of the track 295, in which the singer delivers a strong-worded commentary on the shrinking scope for dissent in the country. The song's title is a reference to Section 295 of the Indian Penal Code which deals with "injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the religion of any class".

"Every day there will be controversy with someone or the other. There will be a debate in the name of religions. If you speak the truth, you will get 295 (section) And if the son progresses, he will get hate," Moose Wala sings in the track.

Mr Singh told BBC Punjabi that he loves the way the singer "says what it is".

Ms Sethi remembers a concert Moose Wala did at an upmarket Delhi hotel a few months ago. "People from every walk of life came to see him perform. The excitement was so high that people were willing to pay extra money just to get a glimpse of him," she says.

Fans also credit him for baptising hip-hop - which until recently clung to the fringes of popular culture in South Asia - as a mainstream genre. His songs were hugely popular not just in India but across the subcontinent, and especially among the Punjabi speaking population in Pakistan.

In 2021, he decided to enter politics. He contested elections as a candidate for India's principal opposition, the Congress party, in the 2022 Punjab assembly elections. Although he lost, his popularity as a "people's leader" continued to grow. He was especially invested in the betterment of his village. "That is why I chose to be known not by my name but by that of my village," he would tell people during his political rallies.

Riaz Haq said…
#Hindu #Nationalism Threatens #India’s Rise as a Nation. It’s not smart #geopolitics to have officers of the leading party ridiculing the religion of the country’s key #trading and #strategic partners. #Hindutva #Modi #BJP #Islamophobia #ProphetMuhammad https://www.wsj.com/articles/hindu-nationalism-threatens-india-nation-muhammad-muslim-gulf-states-sharma-jindal-11654810622?mod=opinion_featst_pos2


For starters, Ms. Sharma and Mr. Jindal are hardly champions of Enlightenment values. BJP state governments routinely arrest people for insulting Hindu sentiments, and many party supporters cheer these arrests. Last week, while releasing a report on international religious freedom, Secretary of State Antony Blinken called out India for “rising attacks on people and places of worship.”

But even if the BJP were a good steward of free speech—rather than selectively intolerant—India would still face the stark reality that it can’t afford to antagonize the Muslim world. For starters, about two-thirds of Indian citizens abroad—8.9 million of 13.6 million people—live in the six nations of the Gulf Cooperation Council: Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Bahrain. According to the Migration Policy Institute, a Washington think tank, in recent years GCC countries have accounted for more than half of India’s roughly $87 billion in remittances.

The Gulf is also among India’s largest trading partners. Last year, two-way trade with the six GCC countries was $87.4 billion, which is more than India’s bilateral trade with the European Union or Southeast Asian countries. The Middle East supplies more than half of India’s oil and gas imports.

New Delhi also has close strategic relationships with some of these countries. As India has grown closer to the U.S. in recent years, it has also stepped up cooperation with such American allies as Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. The Saudi government has extradited terrorism suspects to India. In 2019 the U.A.E. bestowed its highest civilian award on Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Four years ago, Oman, with which India has close strategic ties dating back to British rule, granted the Indian navy access to one of its ports. This gives India a foothold in a region where China has made inroads with its Belt and Road Initiative.

All this means that even if it were not hypocritical for BJP supporters to lambast penalizing Ms. Sharma and Mr. Jindal, it would be foolish for ruling party officials to insult revered Islamic religious figures. Hard-line Hindu nationalists may hate the idea of India’s kowtowing to Qatar and Saudi Arabia, but Mr. Modi knows better than to pick a fight that he can’t win.

Riaz Haq said…
REPORT OF THE PANEL OF INDEPENDENT
INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS TO EXAMINE INFORMATION ABOUT ALLEGED VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMITTED AGAINST MUSLIMS IN INDIA SINCE JULY 2019

S O N J A B I S E R K O
M A R Z U K I D A R U S M A N
S T E P H E N R A P P

https://www.ufs.ac.za/docs/librariesprovider21/default-document-library/piie-report-final.pdf?sfvrsn=624e4920_0


The report makes compelling reading and highlights significant areas of discrimination targeted
against Muslim Indians.
The scale and pattern of human rights violations against Muslims across India since mid- 2019
are alarming. The acts of physical violence perpetrated on Muslims, including by state actors, combined with anti-Muslim hate speech and incitement disseminated through several platforms
in the country, pose a serious threat to the survival of the religious minority. As noted in the report, in some cases, particularly in the state of Uttar Pradesh and in the Jammu
and Kashmir region, the alleged violations have potentially reached the threshold of crimes
under international law.
At the same time, it is also evident that such violations are not isolated region-specific incidents, as they appear to be unfolding rather systematically in much of the country indicating likely
further deterioration of the situation.
It is particularly concerning that Muslim women and girls have been subjected to threats and
acts of sexual violence, while some of them have been deprived of education for choosing to
manifest their religious identity. It is clear from the report that underpinning the acts of
violence is also an attempt by the authorities to undermine the equal rights of Muslims
guaranteed by the Indian constitution to all its citizens. The Citizenship Amendment Act, its
nexus with the National Register of Citizens in Assam, and other discriminatory laws and policies
being rolled out across India, in effect, downgrade Muslims as a separate category. They
normalise unequal treatment, enable further exclusion, stigmatisation and violence against this
group, thus creating the grounds for mass atrocity crimes against the targeted Muslim
community.


It is unacceptable that the authorities use the legal framework, including counter- terrorism and
national security laws to clamp down on civil society and silence human rights defenders who
speak out on behalf of the minority community. Administrative detentions, denial of citizenship, bad-faith prosecutions, withdrawal of licences, and threats and reprisals against human rights
groups, human rights defenders and activists and journalists, all have a direct impact on the
safety and protections available to targeted communities. This widespread attack on basic
freedoms and the shrinking civic space, bring shame to a once proud democracy.
The report notes that the situation risks deterioration because of the absence of an
accountability framework. The Indian legal system provides a wide range of laws and institutions
that are designed to combat religious discrimination. However, the Panel found sufficient
grounds to conclude that the ideological and religious prejudices of the current government
appear to be permeating all independent institutions, resulting in the lack of effective and
adequate accountability initiatives.
At the international level, despite India's commitment to the contrary, it has neither acceded to
the individual complaints mechanisms nor is it a state party to the Rome statute of the
International Criminal Court. The report also highlights that India's engagement with the Treaty
bodies and independent mandate holders has been passive and inadequate. As a consequence,
the current milieu does not provide victims of systematic human rights violations any avenues
to seek relief and remedies.

Riaz Haq said…
REPORT OF THE PANEL OF INDEPENDENT
INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS TO EXAMINE INFORMATION ABOUT ALLEGED VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMITTED AGAINST MUSLIMS IN INDIA SINCE JULY 2019

S O N J A B I S E R K O
M A R Z U K I D A R U S M A N
S T E P H E N R A P P

https://www.ufs.ac.za/docs/librariesprovider21/default-document-library/piie-report-final.pdf?sfvrsn=624e4920_0


I endorse the two goals emphasised in the report, namely, accountability for past crimes and
prevention of future atrocity crimes. The report makes a timely call to the international
community to act on the early-warning signs emerging in India by invoking the wide range of
measures at their disposal to protect the rights of the Muslim minority.
I reaffirm the recommendations made by the expert Panel members, not only to India and its
public institutions but also to the UN Human Rights Council as well as the wider UN system. I
hope that international values and the responsibility to protect will prevail over political
considerations and that the international community will deliver on its promise of " Never again"
to gross human rights violations. Ultimately, however, it is the Indian leaders and the country's
independent institutions that must rise to the occasion, recommit themselves to the inclusive
values of the Indian constitution, and defend and protect all Indians equally.
Riaz Haq said…
The rise and rise of anti-#Muslim #hate music in #India. The lyrics are abusive or threatening. They are usually based on the premise that #Hindus have suffered for centuries at the hands of Muslims - & now it's payback time. #Modi #Hindutva #Islamophobia https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-62432309

Sandeep Chaturvedi, 26, is readying to record his new song in a makeshift studio in the city of Ayodhya in India's northern state of Uttar Pradesh.

The song is about a mosque that has became a subject of controversy after Hindus claimed the right to worship there. It is riddled with innuendos against Muslims. But Chaturvedi says the song could get him back in business.

Chaturvedi's songs are part of a growing trend of music on YouTube and other social media platforms where supporters of the Hindu right-wing spew venom at Muslims.

Why people get away with hate speech in India
The lyrics are abusive or threatening. They are usually based on the premise that Hindus have suffered for centuries at the hands of Muslims - and now it's payback time.

Writer and political analyst Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay says that in addition to being a source of income, such music fetches their singers some attention. But for him, this is not music. "This is a war-cry. It's as if music is being used to win a war. This is a misuse of music and this has been happening for years."

--------

Rana says that he gets a steady income from the videos he uploads on YouTube.

"We are bringing foreign currency to India. YouTube pays in dollars," he beams, pointing to wall-mounted YouTube Silver Play Button that shares space with images and portraits of Hindu warriors.

Ever since Rana moved on from composing devotional and romantic songs to ones with "historical" overtones, he has become a kind of star in Dadri. He has close to 400,000 subscribers on YouTube and many of his songs have been viewed millions of times.

Rana says that creating a music video costs him a mere 8,000 rupees (£84; $100). He has his own set-up to record and edit videos and a team comprising a cameraperson and an editor.

The young Indians spreading hate online
Mr Mukhopadhyay says the trend of weaponising music against minorities is reminiscent of events that have occurred in the past. He recalls the controversial foundation stone-laying programme in Ayodhya in 1989 organised by the right-wing Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) which culminated in the demolition of the Babri mosque in 1992.

"Just before that, an industry of audio tapes had sprung up. They contained religious songs and so-called provocative slogans related to the Ram Janmabhoomi issue [Hindus believe that Ayodhya is Lord Ram's birthplace] and these tapes used to be played in processions to mobilise people."

Three decades on, the tone has become shriller.

Compositions proclaiming "if you want to live in India, learn to say Vande Mataram ("I praise you, Mother")… and learn to live within your limits", or "thinking of Hindus as weak is the enemy's mistake" make no effort to hide who they are targeting.

These songs have also helped right-wing organisations "mobilise" their cadres.

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